WHAT IS OBESITY?
Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in our body. According to World Health Organization data, as of 2017, nearly 2 billion people in the world are suffering from obesity. 400 million people in the 5-19 age range are obese. According to The Body Mass Index survey of the Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) in 2015, 20 out of every 100 people in our country, in other words, one out of every 5 people is overweight, that is obese. Obesity in Turkey has increased by 31% compared to research conducted in 2008. Obesity rates are 15% for men and 24% for women.
HOW IS OBESITY CLASSIFIED?
The Body Mass Index, BMI, ratio is used to classify obesity. This ratio is the person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters (kg/m2). According to the World Health Organization, obesity is classified as follows.
18.5 and below; Underweight
18.5-24; Normal weight
40-49; Morbid Obese
50-59; Super Morbid Obese
60 and above; Super Super Morbid Obese
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF OBESITY ON THE BODY?
Obesity has significant negative effects on all systems in our bodies. These;
- High cholesterol levels (Total cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein-LDL)
- Low cholesterol levels High Density Lipoprotein- HDL
- High blood lipid rates
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Metabolic Syndrome
- Coronary heart disease
- Gallbladder diseases
- Joint disorders
- Sleep apnea and sleep disorders
- Low quality of life
- Mental diseases (Depression and anxiety)
- Body aches, decreased activity
- Increase in the incidence of cancer, especially in the breast and colon
Due to all the above reasons, the mortality rate of obese patients has increased. Obese people live less nearly 10-12 years than normal-weight people.
WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF OBESITY ON QUALITY OF LIFE?
Quality of life is severely impaired in obesity. Obesity restricts your physical movement, causing body aches and fatigue. In a study conducted by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, an American research organization, it was found that morbid obese women were depressed 4 times more than normal weight women.
In the studies conducted, a direct relationship between psychosocial adjustment and weight has been determined and it has definitely revealed that the quality of life increases with weight loss.
It has been shown that quality of life is increased in 95% of the patients who have undergone obesity surgery and that these people live not only longer but better.
Obesity is a treatable and reversible disorder. Today there are 3 basic treatments.
- Diet and exercise
- Bariatric Surgery
The ways of preventing and recovering from obesity are actually based on the basic rules that everyone knows. These include consuming less food, avoiding high-calorie foods rich in fat and carbohydrates, and exercising regularly.
Given that it is so widespread in society, it is very clear that diet and exercise are very inadequate. Researches on this subject clearly show this. In a 15-year study below, a significant weight loss was observed in those who underwent bariatric surgery, while it is clear that there was no change in the average weight of other obese patients.
Are Obesity Surgeries safe?
As in all other operations, there are some risks in obesity surgeries. The most important issue here is to perform obesity surgeries by an experienced and reliable team.
Actually, bariatric surgeries are as safe as other surgeries if done by experienced surgeons. The mortality rate in obesity surgeries is around 0.1% in good hands and is close to the mortality rate in gallbladder surgeries. All these risks vary with the person’s weight, age, and other accompanying medical conditions.